Use the 10 Standard FIRE ORDERS when working on a fire:

F – Fight fire aggressively, but provide for safety first.
I – Initiate all actions based on current and expected fire behaviour.
R – Recognize current weather conditions and obtain forecasts.
E – Ensure instructions are given and understood.

O – Obtain current information on fire status.
R – Remain in communications with crew members, your supervisor and adjacent forces.
D – Determine safety zones and routes.
E – Establish lookouts in potentially hazardous situations.
R – Retain control at all times.
S – Stay alert, keep calm, think clearly and act decisively.
9 – Personal Gear and Health

Wear the proper gear, good boots, gloves, safety helmet, cotton or wool clothing, do not wear synthetics, they may melt or ignite easily. Carry an ample supply of water and enough food for a long day. Carry any medications or personal items you may require. Inform your crew leader of any health problems or allergies you may have.

Pace yourself and watch for signs of heat exhaustion or dehydration. Take small drinks of water on a regular bases to replenish losses.

Cold Trailing


When cold trailing or searching for hot spots, be careful while using your bare hand. First feel the surface then slowly put your hand into the ground ash or hole. Use a copper probe for deep seated fires on hot landings.